Iceland


Flag of Iceland

Iceland / Ísland

  • Country in North Europe, one of the Nordic countries, an island in the North Atlantic
  • Capital: Reykjavík
  • Largest city: Reykjavík
  • Seas: Atlantic Ocean, Norwegian Sea
  • Climate: subpolar oceanic (Köppen climate classification Cfc) – near the southern coastal area; tundra (Köppen ET) inland in the highlands
  • Official language: Icelandic
  • Government: unitary parliamentary republic
  • National Day: 17 June (1944)
  • Sovereignty: 1 December 1918
  • Area: 102,775 km² (water: 2,7%)
  • Population: 364,134; density: 3,5/km2
  • Currency: Icelandic króna (ISK)
  • Time zone: UTC (GMT/WET)
  • Calling code: +354
  • Internet TLD: .is
  • Driving side: right
  • Electricity: 230V supply voltage and 50Hz, plug types: C and F

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REGIONS


Capital Region (Greater Reykjavík) – Höfuðborgarsvæðið

Kópavogur | Mt Esja | Reykjavík | Seltjarnarnes


Southern Peninsula (Reykjanes Peninsula)- Suðurnes (Reykjanesskagi)


Western Region – Vesturland

Borgarnes | Glymur waterfall


Westfjords – Vestfirðir


Northwestern Region – Norðurland vestra

Blönduós | Glaumbær | Þrístapar (Thristapar) | Vatnsdalshólar


Northeastern Region – Norðurland eystra

Ásbyrgi | Akureyri | Dettifoss | Diamond Circle | Goðafoss waterfall | Hljóðaklettar | Húsavík | Hverfjall volcano | Hverir | Jökulsárgljúfur | Mývatn lake | Námafjall | Réttarfoss


Eastern Region (Eastfjords) – Austurland (Austfirðir)

Glacier Lagoon (Jökulsárlón) and Diamond Beach | Hvannadalshnúkur | Hof | Kvíárjökull glacier | Lækjavik beach | Rjúkandafoss (Rjukandi Waterfall) | Seyðisfjörður | Skaftafell | Svartifoss waterfall


Southern Region – Suðurland

Dyrhólaey | Fimmvörðuháls | Geysir | Gljúfrafoss waterfall | Golden Circle | Gullfoss waterfall | Heimaey island | Kerið crater | Kirkjufjara beach | Kirkjugolf | Mýrdalsjökull glacier | Reynisdrangar | Reynisfjara beach | Seljalandsfoss waterfall | Skógafoss waterfall | Sólheimasandur | Strokkur | Þingvellir (Thingvellir) | Vik


PLACES (A-Z)

Reykjavík

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Ásbyrgi | Akureyri

BlönduósBorgarnes

Dettifoss waterfallDiamond CircleDyrhólaey

Fimmvörðuháls

GeysirGlacier Lagoon (Jökulsárlón) and Diamond BeachGlaumbærGljúfrafoss waterfallGlymur waterfallGoðafoss waterfallGolden CircleGullfoss waterfall

Heimaey islandHljóðaklettarHofHvannadalshnúkurHúsavíkHverfjall volcanoHverir

Jökulsárgljúfur

Kerið craterKirkjufjara beachKirkjugolfKópavogurKvíárjökull glacier

Lækjavik beach

Mt EsjaMýrdalsjökull glacierMývatn lake

Námafjall

Réttarfoss waterfallReykjavíkReynisdrangarReynisfjara beachRing Road (Route 1 / Þjóðvegur 1 / Hringvegur)Rjúkandafoss (Rjukandi Waterfall)

Seljalandsfoss waterfallSeltjarnarnesSeyðisfjörðurSkaftafellSkógafoss waterfallSólheimasandurStrokkurSvartifoss waterfall

Þingvellir (Thingvellir)Þrístapar (Thristapar)

VatnsdalshólarVik


ROUTES

Diamond Circle

Golden Circle

Ring Road (Route 1 / Þjóðvegur 1 / Hringvegur)


WATERFALLS

Dettifoss waterfall

Gljúfrafoss waterfall

Glymur waterfall

Goðafoss waterfall

Gullfoss waterfall

Réttarfoss waterfall

Rjúkandafoss (Rjukandi Waterfall)

Seljalandsfoss waterfall

Skógafoss waterfall

Svartifoss waterfall


ANIMALS

Icelandic sheep

Icelandic horses


CUISINE

Icelandic cuisine

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