Oman


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Oman / Sultanate of Oman

عُمَان‎ ʿUmān  /  سلْطنةُ عُمان‎ Salṭanat ʻUmān (Arabic)

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  • Country in Western Asia, on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, at the mouth of the Arabian (Persian) Gulf; with Musandam and Madha exclaves (UAE)
  • Capital: Muscat
  • Largest cities: Muscat, Seeb, Salalah, Bawshar, Sohar, Suwayq, Ibri, Saham, Barka, Rustaq
  • Area: 309,500 km² (water: negligible)
  • Population: 4,829,473; density: 15/km²
  • Official language: Arabic
  • Borders: United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
  • Seas: Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian (Persian) Gulf
  • Highest point: Jebel Shams in Al Hajar Mountains (2,997 to 3,009 m)
  • Lowest point: Arabian (Persian) Gulf (0 m)
  • Longest river: no permanent rivers
  • Largest lake: none
  • Natural resources: petroleum, copper, asbestos, Limited marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas
  • Natural hazards: large sandstorms in interior in summer; large floods after rains; tropical cyclones
  • Environmental issues: soil salinity rising; oil spills; very limited fresh water resources
  • Climate: hot and dry in the interior and humid along the coast; little rainfall – mostly in January; Dhofar Mountains (south of Oman): tropical-like climate, seasonal rainfall from late June to late September (monsoon winds from the Indian Ocean)
  • Religion: Islam (official)
  • Government: unitary absolute monarchy
  • National day: 18 November (1650)
  • Currency: Rial (OMR)
  • Time zone: UTC+4 (GST)
  • Calling code: +968
  • ISO 3166 code: OM
  • Internet TLD: .om, عمان.
  • Driving side: right
  • Electricity: 240V supply voltage and 50Hz, plug type: G

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Oman destinations on 40thousandkm.com


GOVERNORATES (11)


Muscat – capital: Muscat

Jazirat Muscat | Muscat | Muttrah | Qurm | Riyam | Ruwi


Ad Dakhiliyah – capital: Nizwa

Al Hamra | Bahla | Birkat Al Mouz | Jabal Al Akhdar | Jabreen | Nizwa | Tanuf


Ad Dhahirah – capital: Ibri


Al Batinah North – capital: Sohar

Shinas


Al Batinah South – capital: Rustaq


Al Buraimi – capital: Al Buraimi

Al Buraimi | Jebel Hatta | Wadi Hatta


Al Wusta – capital: Haima


Ash Sharqiyah North – capital: Ibra


Ash Sharqiyah South – capital: Sur

Alashkhara | Asilah | Masirah Island | Sur


Dhofar – capital: Salalah

Al Mughsayl  | Mirbat | Salalah | Taqa | Wadi Darbat


Musandam – capital: Khasab

Bukha | Dibba Al-Baya | Khasab | Madha


PLACES (A-Z)


Alashkhara | Al Mughsayl | Asilah

Birkat Al Mouz

Jabal Al Akhdar | Jabreen | Jebel Hatta

Masirah Island | Mirbat | Muscat

Nizwa

Salalah | Shinas

Tanuf  | Taqa

Wadi Darbat | Wadi Hatta


OMANI CUISINE


Eating out in Muscat


A VIEW FROM THE TOP (aerial photography)


Omani mountains