Bahrain / Kingdom of Bahrain
البحرين al-Baḥrayn / مملكة البحرين Mamlakat al-Baḥrayn (Arabic)
- Country in Arabian (Persian) Gulf, the third-smallest country in Asia (after the Maldives and Singapore); an archipelago consisting of Bahrain Island, 40 natural islands, 51 artificial islands
- Capital: Manama
- Largest cities: Manama
- Population: 1,569,446; density: 1,831.1/km² (3rd highest in the world)
- Official language: Arabic
- Borders: Saudi Arabia (via King Fahd Causeway)
- Seas: Arabian (Persian) Gulf
- Area: 780 km²
- Highest point: Jabal ad Dukhan (122 m)
- Lowest point: Arabian (Persian) Gulf (0 m)
- Natural hazards: periodic droughts; dust storms
- Climate: arid climate; two seasons: an extremely hot summer (April to October, afternoon temperatures average: 39°C, reach 46°C) and a relatively mild winter
- Religion: Islam
- Government: unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
- National day: 16 December (Independence Day: 15 August 1971)
- Currency: Bahraini dinar (BHD)
- Time zone: UTC+3 (AST)
- Calling code: +973
- ISO 3166 code: BH
- Internet TLD: .bh
- Driving side: right
- Electricity: 230V supply voltage and 50Hz, plug type G
Bahrain destinations on 40thousandkm.com
Sights / Things to do and see in Bahrain:
Manama, Jid Ali, Ras Rumman, Jidd Haffs (part)
Sights / Things to do and see in Bahrain – Capital Governorate:
- Bahrain Fort / Qalat Al Bahrain / Portuguese Fort – a fort and an archaeological site (2300 BC) in Al Qalah village.
- Al Fateh Grand Mosque – in Juffair, Manama; one of the largest mosques in the world.
- Isa Cultural Centre (ICC)
- Bahrain National Museum – in Manama, the largest and oldest public museum in the country, collection: Dilmun artifacts, natural history.
- Bab Al Bahrain / Gateway of Bahrain – in the Customs Square (the region’s first formal public space), Manama.
- Beit Al Qur’an (the House of Qur’an) – a multi-purpose Islamic arts complex (and Islamic Museum) in Hoora.
- Painted houses in Al Qalah village.
- Manama business district.
Sights / Things to do and see in Bahrain – Muharraq Governorate:
- Arad Fort – in Arad on Muharraq Island, a fort from 15th century.
- Bu Maher Fort / Abu Maher Fort – a fort situated in Muharraq, part of the Bahrain Pearling Trail (UNESCO World Heritage Site).
- Bahrain Pearling Trail / Bahrain Pearling Pathway – a serial cultural heritage site (UNESCO World Heritage List): three oyster beds (north), a segment of the coast and the seafront Bu Mahir fortress (Muharraq Island), 17 buildings (among them: Bayt Siyadi / Siyadi House) in Muharraq (and 3.5-km-long pathway). Ξ Unsesco webpage
- Amwaj Islands: on the beach
- Dohar-Arad Lagoon
- Dive Bahrain – the worldlagest unerwater theme park, with sunken Boeing 747; Ξ Dive Bahrain website
Al Mintaqah al Gharbiyah, Al Mintaqah al Wusta, Al Mintaqah al Shamaliyah, Jidd Haffs and Madinat Hamad, Al Garum Islands
Sights / Things to do and see in Bahrain – Northern Governorate:
- Khamis Mosque – in Khamis, it is said to be the oldest mosque in Bahrain (7th century).
- King Fahd Causeway – between Bahrain and Al Khobar (Saudi Arabia).
Al Mintaqah al Gharbiyah, Ar Rifa’ wa al Mintaqah al Janubiyah, Juzur Hawar (Hawar Islands)
Sights / Things to do and see in Bahrain – Southern Governorate:
- Tree of Life.
- Highest point of Bahrain: Jabal ad Dukhan (122 m) and first (from 1931) oil well in the Arabian side of the Arabian (Persian) Gulf.
- Bahrain International Circuit and Gulf Air Bahrain Grand Prix (Formula One championship race).
- Riffa Fort – in Riffa, a fort from 19th century.
- Al Areen Wildlife Park – in Sakhir, a nature reserve and zoo.