Muscat – the capital and largest city of Oman, the seat of the Governorate of Muscat (with population of 1.4 million and area of 3,500 km2). Its beginnings are dating back to the early 1st century. The Muscat port was an important trading point between the West and the East. The origin of the name of the city is either Arabic or Old Persian, a popular derivation connect the name “Muscat” with Arabic “anchorage” or “hidden” (and the Muscat is hidden between the rocky Western Al Hajar Mountains).
Old Muscat is the historic part of Muscat, separated from the modern city by coastal mountains and the city walls with round towers (from 1625), located between Port Sultan Qaboos and Al Bustan.
The Al Alam Palace (Qasr al-Alam, Palace of the Flag) – the palace of the Sultan, used for representative purposes, located in Old Muscat, Oman. The most important of the six royal residences of the monarch (other: around Muscat, Salalah and Sohar). The palace was built under the ruling of Imam Sultan bin Ahmed, rebuilt in 1972 in contemporary Islamic design. The Al Alam Palace, surrounded by govnrment buldings, is not open to the public. Opposite the palace, there is the National Museum of Oman (opened in 2016).
In the neighbourhood: