Golconda Fort / Golconda (in Telugu “Golla Konda” – “Shepherds’ Hill”) – a fortified citadel in Hyderabad, India and former capital city of the Qutb Shahi dynasty (until 1591, when the capital was shifted to Hyderabad) . Trade centre of large diamonds (“Golconda Diamonds”), thanks to its location close to Kollur Mine and other diamond mines. Originally built as a mud fort known as Mankal, fortified between 14th-17th centuries.
Golconda Fort is a complex of four district forts, with palaces, halls, mosques, temples, stables, gardens, a hill top pavilion Bala Hissar (130 m) and an outer wall (10 km), 87 bastions, 8 gateways, 4 drawbridges. The most famous – for its acoustic system – is the Fateh Darwaza (Victory Gate), the sound coming from here can be heard at Bala Hissar – 1 km away.
Tombs of the Qutb Shahi kings are located in the vicinity of the fort.